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英语中级口语教程词汇

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篇一:英语中级口语教程词汇

英语中级口语 2

帮助你练习日常的英语口语帮助你练习日常的英语口语

Unit 2 What Is a Great Book ? pedantic: Characterized by a narrow, often ostentatious concern for book learning and formal rules 迂腐的,学究式的 ? a pedantic attention to details 学究式地注意细枝末 节 ? a pedantic style of writing 学究式的写作风格 ? Pedantic, academic, bookish, donnish, scholastic ? 这些形容词所共有的中心意思是“以过分而偏狭且 又令人厌恶地注重或卖弄学问,特别是其琐细方面 为特征的” ? an academic insistence on precision 一种学院式的 苛求精神 ? a bookish vocabulary 一种太书卷气的词汇运用 ? donnish refinement of speech 学究式的雅语; ? scholastic and excessively subtle reasoning 学究 式且过于机巧的推理 ? ration: A fixed portion, especially an amount of food allotted to persons in military service or to civilians in times of scarcity 给量,定量 ? Have you used your ration of petrol for this week? 你用了这星期给你定量的汽油了吗? ? ration card 定量供应卡 ? draw rations 领取给养 ? illuminate: To make understandable; clarify 解释, 说明 ? Cleverly made attacks can often serve to illuminate important differences between candidates, as well as entertain the voters. 灵活的 攻击往往能突出竞选者之间的重大区别,同时又能 取悦于选民。

? intelligible: Capable of being understood 能被理 解的 ? an intelligible set of directions 一套易于理解的说明 ? intelligible explanation 明白的解释 ? make oneself intelligible 使人了解自己的思想(言语 等) ? outmoded: Not in fashion; unfashionable 过时的, 老式的 ? outmoded attire 老式服装 ? outmoded machinery 陈旧的机器 ? potent: (1) Possessing inner or physical strength; powerful 强有力的 ? a potent effect on 对...有巨大影响 ? potent arguments 有说服力的证据 ? (2) Exerting or capable of exerting strong physiological or chemical effects 有效力的 ? potent remedy 有效果的药 ? potent liquor 有效力的酒 ? preoccupation: The state of being preoccupied; absorption of the attention or intellect 全神贯注 ? preoccupation with 专心于 ? He always takes his preoccupation with the educational cause. 他总是一心想着教育事业。

? fortify: To reinforce by adding material 增强 ? After praying he faced his difficulties with a fortified spirit. 祈祷之后他面对困难的勇气增强了。

? fortify

英语中级口语教程词汇

a city 筑工事以巩固城防 ? fortify oneself 加强自已意志 ? fortify one’s confidence 坚定自已的信心 ? Questions for Comprehension (p21) ? 1. Great books are probably the most widely read. 2. Great books are always contemporary. 3. Great books are the most readable. 4. Great books are the most instructive. 5. Great books are the most influential. 6. Great books deal with the persistently unsolved problems of human life. ? 2. It means “as God waited 6000 years for an astronomical observer, that is, an astronomer”. Astronomy is an old science, dating back 6000 years or so to when primitive people noticed objects in the sky overhead and watched the way the objects moved. ? 3. Great books will remain popular for ever while some books can enjoy popularity for a year or two, or ten at the most. ? 4. (open) ? 5. It means great books are always contemporary in that they provide keen insights into human life for people in all ages. ? Vocabulary and Structure Exercises (p22) ? I. Complete the following sentences with words or phrases from the text. ? 1. multiply ? 2. accumulate ? 3. treats of ? 4. intelligible ? 5. illuminate ? 6. apply to ? 7. potent ? 8. preoccupation ? 9. in its entirety ? 10. for the most part ? II. Replace the italicized parts in the following sentences with words or phrases from the text that best keep the original meanings. (p22) ? 1. wonder ? 2. recognize ? 3. illustrates ? 4. signs ? 5. elementary ? 6. treatment ? 7. contemporary ? 8. deals with ? 9. recalled ? 10. regardless of ? III. Paraphrase the italicized parts in the following sentences. (p23) ? 1. all the signs that there are ? 2. never use up all its contents so that you can learn nothing more from it ? 3. For Newton it is a different story, i.e. reading Newton requires prior study of mathematics. ? 4. those thing that happened or existed in the past ? 5. to enjoy friendship and understanding between people which crossed national boundaries ? 专题二 ? 1. 找出下列段落中的主题句、主扩展句和次扩展句, 并列表说明。(p27) ? ( 主 题 句 )To most visitors, New York is both a fascinating and a frightening city. (主扩展句1) It is a city of great wealth and of great poverty. (次扩展 句1.1) There are many rich people, but there are many poor people too. (次扩展句1.2) There are many luxury apartment buildings and there are slum tenements. (主扩展句2) There is a great deal of beauty and a great deal of ugliness. (次扩展句 2.1) The parks and the shops are beautiful, but the dirty streets and subways are ugly. (次扩展句2.2) There are people who work all day and people who work all night. ? 2.根据所给主题句写出扩展句(p28) ? 1) It is necessary for everyone to develop a good habit of reading. Through reading books ? and newspapers, one can enrich his knowledge, and get to know what is happening in the world and in his country. A good habit of reading will help to make one’s life colorful and meaningful, because reading books or newspapers can provide pleasure and enjoyment to readers. Additionally, a good habit of reading may help one to be successful in his career. The knowledge he derives from books and newspapers can help him to deal with various problems in a clever way. Therefore, it is very necessary for everyone to form a habit of reading. ? 2) In today’s society, everyone needs friendship. Friendship can give us a feeling of warmth, help and trust, and can encourage us to go ahead all the time. When we are in trouble, we do need some help from our friends, and when we are happy, we need a friend to share this happiness with us. With friends, we won’t feel lonely and helpless anymore. ? 3) Work is an important part of one’s life. We can derive some pleasure and satisfaction from the completion of work. When we see the result of our work, we will feel happy. On the other hand, a society would not keep going if people didn’t work and didn’t produce wealth. We need to work and we need to get a pay, with which we can support ourselves and our family as well. ? 4) It is hard to go to work by bus during the rush hour. You have to wait in lone lines at the bus stop. When the bus arrives, someone always tries to push past you to get in first. After you pay your fare, you are shoved down the aisle by the rest of the boarding passengers. A passenger standing next to you might shove his or her elbow in your ribs, step on your toes, or even drop cigarette ashes on you. It certainly is a relief when you finally reach your stop. ? 5) Nowadays, computers have found wide applications in many areas. It is used not only in calculation, but also in an engineering project, designing, language learning, etc. In today’s society, computers can be seen working for us almost everywhere, in shops, banks, post offices, schools, hospitals, and so on. Computers have ever entered most families. Children can learn various subjects on computer, and parents can enjoy some entertainment from the computer, too.基督教对异教徒的迫害 (a)科学家帕利西 帕利西因说化石是动物的遗体而不是 帕利西 “造物主的游戏”,被宗教裁判所(1183年开始建 立)判处死刑。

(b)比利时生理学家维萨留斯 维萨留斯,由于出版了解剖 维萨留斯 学著作《人体解剖》,与1564年被迫去圣地耶路撒 冷作忏悔,归途中被害。

(c)4世纪时,埃及女天文学家伊巴蒂 伊巴蒂研究天体被 伊巴蒂 教会视为妖术,惨遭杀害。

(d)西班牙科学家盖尔 塞尔维特 盖尔?塞尔维特 盖尔 塞尔维特在《基督教信仰 的复兴》一书中提出血液循环的见解,1553年被用 火烤两个多小时后死去。被一起烧死的58个“不信 上帝的人”。 ? (e)坚持哥白尼“日心说”的布鲁诺 布鲁诺,被烧死于 布鲁诺 罗马鲜花广场。在15世纪以后的100多年间,罗马 一地就烧死3万多人。

? (f)西班牙的异端裁判所在1418年-1808年之间就 迫害了30多万人,其中以火刑烧死者达10多万人。

? (g)1096年-1291年,西欧封建主发动了八次十字 军侵略东方国家的“十字军东征”。侵占东方国家 的领土,掠夺财富,获取东方市场。十字军东征使 700多万人卷如了战争,绵延近200年。使中东和西 欧的生产力遭到严重的破坏。

? 这些宗教迫害和宗教战争充分体现了基督教的不宽 容精神。 分享到: 分享到: 使用一键分享,轻松赚取财富值, 嵌入播放器:普通尺寸(450*500pix)较大尺寸(630*500pix)

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篇二:英语中级口语教程词汇

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Lesson 33 Thieves Beware : People See You Text A Each year car theft costs us about £300 million, and burglary sets us back by another £150 million. Yet the police reckon that one car in five is l...

Lesson 32 Do You Know Your Own Character? Text A THE OX You"re a hard and conscientiou"s worker if you were born in the year of the Ox and you set about everything in a methodical and determined manne...

Lesson 31 Thoughts on the Spring Festival Text A My first Spring Festival in north China was a bit of a shock. Where was the spring? There was snow on the ground and ice on the Summer Palace lake and...

Lesson 30 Who Did It? Text A Inspector Chester of Scotland Yard soon arrived on the scene of the crime. When the newspapermen saw him getting out of the car they immediately realised that matters were...

Lesson 29 The Voices of Time Text A Time talks. It speaks more plainly than words. Time communicates in many ways. Consider the different parts of the day, for example. The time of the day when someth...

Lesson 28 The Perfect Match Text A I walked into the office and shook hands with a smiling man named Mr Bleaucher. He was dressed very well, compared to me. He shuffled a pile of papers like they were...

Lesson 27 Is It an Ideal Career? Text A I am not an extreme feminist. I am not an extreme anything. However, I am a firm believer in equality and freedom. I think we are all entitled to the same right...

Lesson 26 There Are Two Sides to Everything Text A I had a most exasperating and frustrating experience with the hospital today: But Granny had it much worse. First she was the victim of an accident a...

Lesson 25 Don"t They Feel Ashamed of Themselves? Text A We were at the terminus and as a bus had just left, there were only the two of us. "We"re sure to get good seats," I thought to myself confident...

Lesson 24 Want to Kill Yourself ? Text A I wonder whether smoking is as harmful as doctors make us believe it to be? Some of the things they say are really hair-raising, and even if only half of what...

Lesson 23 All For a Son Text A The desire for a son and heir is common to all mankind. In our country, especially, to have as many male descendents as possible has always been regarded as the greatest...

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